Monthly Archives: May 2017

Crescent Visibility Combined Report for Ramadan 1438 & Shawwal 1438

In the Name of God, The Most Gracious, The Most Merciful.

Crescent Visibility Combined Report for Ramadan 1438 (Friday 26th May 2017) & Shawwal 1438 (Saturday-Sunday, 24-25th June 2017)**, Based on settings*

Crescent Visibility  Report for Ramadan 1438 (Friday 26th May 2017) (29th of Shaaban 1438)

Crescent Visibility on 26th May 2017

* Settings:-

OMAN Muscat, Long: 58:35:36.0, Lat: 23:36:48.0, Ele:21.0 m, Zone:4.00

Timing: (26th/05/2017)
@18:00:00UTC+4
 Sun  Moon
 Rise 05:19:46 05:51:35
Transit 12:02:38 12:38:11
Set 18:45:42 19:27:03
 Azimuth (Degree) @18:00  ~289° 23.192`   ~282°11.284`
 Altitude (Degree)@18:00  ~8° 54.671` ~17° 20.841`

Age of Moon: Waxing Crescent : ~ 0.76 days old.

Set Time difference : approx 41 minutes

Based on the Astronomical data report, the Sun sets at 6:45 Pm @ (292° WNW), and 7:27 pm @ (289° WNW) for the Moon which makes out around 41 minuets before each set below the Horizon.

@18:00 UTC+4 Muscat

On this day, the Moon sets nearly 41 minuets after the sunset, which makes the crescent sighting possible, yet difficult due to the angle and Crescent age at this time, however it is possible to sight the crescent with greater chances  from higher altitudes and towards the south of the country.

The New Moon will be in conjunction with the Sun on May 25th @ 23:53 UTC+4, and based on the astronomical calculations, the Crescent (Hilal) would be possible to sight on this day, depending on the weather climate. If not sighted on this day then Shaaban will continue its 30 days.

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Crescent Visibility Report for Shawwal 1438 (Tuesday 24-25th June 2017) (29th Ramadan 1438)

**Note:

If Ramadan Starts on Saturday 27 May 2017, Then 29th Ramadan is on Saturday, 24th June 2017

If Ramadan Starts on Sunday 28 May 2017, Then 29th Ramadan will be on Sunday, 25th June 2017.

Screen Shot

From the Astronomical Calculations on 24th June 2017,  We Conclude that if 29th Ramadan starts on 27th May, Then Ramadan will continue its 30 days InShaAllah. Because based on settings in Oman, The Moon Crescent is not possible to sight on this day due to following reasons:

SunSet @ 18:55:43 UTC+4 , MoonSet @ 19:14:14 UTC+4 ,

Set Time Difference : 19 Minutes Max

Age of Moon: Waxing Crescent : ~ 0.50 days old. =12hrs old.

Sun Latitude:  -00°:00′:01″   & Moon Latitude: -03°:36′:07″   Very Near to the Sun and Very young.

It is very difficult to sight the Crescent even with experienced astronomer, Perfect Weather conditions and with Optical Assistant of Telescope and CCD Camera. Extremely challenging. Except if we go towards the south-west side of the Globe. 

Moon & Sun on 24th June 2017

However if Ramadan starts on Sunday, 28th May 2017, then 29th of Ramadan will be on Sunday, 25th June 2017, and based on Calculations settings, it is possible to sight the crescent on this day from Majority of the World. If Ramadan Crescent was sighted on 28th May 2017, Then Ramadan will end as 29 days most probebly because on 25th June 2017 is very easy to sight in most parts of the World.

Shawwal Crescent Visibility on 25th June 2017

* Settings:-

OMAN Muscat, Long: 58:35:36.0, Lat: 23:36:48.0, Ele:21.0 m, Zone:4.00

Timing: (25th/06/2017)
@18:00:00UTC+4
 Sun  Moon
 Rise 05:20:36 06:33:36
Transit 12:08:15 13:24:33
Set 18:55:52 20:14:02
 Azimuth (Degree) @18:00  ~290° 59.768`   ~279°9.086`
 Altitude (Degree)@18:00  ~10° 53.405` ~27° 31.012`

Age of Moon: Waxing Crescent : ~ 1.48 days old.

Set Time difference : approx 78 minutes

Based on the Astronomical data report, the Sun sets at 6:55 Pm @ (294° WNW), and 8:14 pm @ (290° WNW) for the Moon which makes out around 78 minuets before each set below the Horizon.

This is technical report only for sighting assistance, No final conclusion until the sighting has been taken place.

Ramadan Kareem and Eid Mubarak in advance to Everyone.

May Allah Accept our fasting, Prayers and good deeds. Ameen.

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