Crescent Visibility Reports for Ramadan & Shawwal 1440

In the Name of God, The Most Gracious, The Most Merciful.

Crescent Visibility Combined Report for Ramadan 1440 (Sunday 5th May 2019) & Shawwal 1440 (Monday-Tuesday, 3rd-4th June 2019)**, Based on settings*

Beforehand please note that if you’re located in KSA, or any other country following KSA calendar (Umm AlQura), then on Saturday 4th May 2019  is 29th Shaaban 1440 (The sighting day), it’s impossible to sight Hilal (The Moon Crescent) on this day. Therefore, Shabban will countinue to 30 days, As per the calculations not shown here in this report.

Crescent Visibility  Report for Ramadan 1440 (Sunday 5th May 2019) (29th of Shaaban 1440)

5th May 2019

*Settings:-

– OMAN Muscat, Long: 58:35:36.0, Lat: 23:36:48.0, Ele:21.0 m, Zone:4.00

Timing:(5th/05/2019)
@18:00:00 UTC+4
Sun Moon
Rise 05:30:24 05:53:34
Transit 12:03:14 12:28:11
Set 18:36:19 19:06:08
Azimuth (Degree)@18:00 ~284° 38.495`  ~279°31.652`
Altitude (Degree) @18:00 ~7° 21.499` ~13° 34.500`

Age of Moon: Waxing Crescent : ~ 0.64 days old. = 15.36 hrs old

Set Time difference : approx 30 minutes

The New Moon crecent first light will be in conjunction with the Sun on May 5th @ 02:54UTC+4, and based on the astronomical calculations, the Crescent (Hilal) would be possible yet very challenging to observe on this day.

Based on the Astronomical data report, the Sun sets at 6:36 Pm @ (288° WNW), and 7:06 pm @ (285° WNW) for the Moon which makes out around 30 minuets before each set below the true Horizon.

From this report, it is possible to sight the crecent “Hilal” with the help of optical Aid (Telescope), and the chances increases as we move towards the south west of the globe and or sighting at a higher altitude. It all depands on weather conditions at that place and time. If sighted, Ramadan will start on Monday 6th May 2019 (5th May After Sunset), if not, Shaaban will continue its 3o days InShaAllah (If God Wills) .

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Crescent Visibility Combined Reports for Shawwal 1440 (Monday 3rd / Tuesday 4th June 2019)**, (29th Ramadan 1440)  Based on settings*

 

**Note:

  • If Ramadan Started on Monday 6th May 2019, Then 29th Ramadan is on Monday, 3rd June 2019. (Refer 1st Report below)
  • If Ramadan Started on Tuesday 7th May 2019, Then 29th Ramadan will be on Tuesday, 4th June 2019. (Refer 2nd Report below)

 

(1st Report) Crescent Visibility Report for Shawwal 1440 (Monday 3rd June 2019) (29th Ramadan 1440)

3rd June 2019

From the Astronomical Calculations on 3rd June 2019,  We Conclude that if 1st Ramadan started on 6th May, Then Ramadan will continue its 30 days InShaAllah. Because based on settings in Oman, The Moon Crescent is not possible to sight on this day due to following reasons:

SunSet @ 18:49:56 UTC+4 , MoonSet @ 18:52:37 UTC+4 ,

Set Time Difference : ~ 2.5 Minutes Max

Age of Moon: Waxing Crescent : ~ 0.18 days old @Sunset. =4.32hrs old.

Sun Latitude:  -00°:0.043′   & Moon Latitude: -03°:5.025′   Very Near to the Sun and Very young.

It is very difficult to sight the Crescent even with experienced astronomer, Perfect Weather conditions and with Optical Assistant of Telescope and CCD Camera. Extremely challenging. Except if we go towards the south-west side of the Globe.

Screenshot 2019-04-26 at 22.23.45

 

(2nd Report) Crescent Visibility Report for Shawwal 1440 (Tuesday 4th June 2019) (29th Ramadan 1440)

However if Ramadan started on Tuesday 7th May 2019, then 29th of Ramadan will be on Tuesday, 4th June 2019, and based on Calculations settings, it is possible to sight the crescent on this day from Majority of the World.

4th June 2019

* Settings:-

OMAN Muscat, Long: 58:35:36.0, Lat: 23:36:48.0, Ele:21.0 m, Zone:4.00

Timing:(4th/06/2019)
@18:00:00UTC+4
 Sun  Moon
Rise 05:19:15 06:04:31
Transit 12:04:44 12:58:11
Set 18:50:21 19:53:54
 Azimuth (Degree) @18:00  ~290° 13.712`   ~284°23.775`
 Altitude (Degree)@18:00  ~10° 6.677` ~22° 56.016`

Age of Moon: Waxing Crescent : ~ 1.20 days old @ Sunset  = 28.8 hrs

Set Time difference : approx 64 minutes

Based on the Astronomical data report, the Sun sets at 6:50 Pm @ (294° WNW), and 7:54 pm @ (293° WNW) for the Moon which makes out around 64 minuets before each set below the true Horizon.

Screenshot 4th June 2019 at 18 UTC+4

 

The Azimuth between the Moon and the Sun is nearly and 12°  for the Altitude, which makes the sighting possible.

The New Moon crecent first light will be in conjunction with the Sun on June 3rd @ 14:11UTC+4 .

Based on the astronomical calculations and past experience , the Crescent (Hilal) will be visible across the country on this day. Factors such as site location & Atmospheric conditions will determine the conclusion.

This technical report is made only for sighting assistance, No final conclusions are made until the Moon Crescent sighting has been taken place.

Results will be published in comments section below. Please visit International Astronomical Center for detailed results across the globe.

Ramadan Kareem and Eid Mubarak in advance to Everyone.

May Allah Accept our fasting, Prayers and good deeds. Ameen.

For more information regarding the topic; Please feel free to search this blog above, just type “Hilal” under the search window.

One response to “Crescent Visibility Reports for Ramadan & Shawwal 1440

  1. Results for “Crescent Visibility Report for Ramadan 1440 (Sunday 5th May 2019) (29th of Shaaban 1440)” :

    I was away from the city, In a Job location around 300 km west from the city. I was not able to sight by naked eyes, did not use telescope as it was out of my reach, also it wasn’t sighted by any of the team members and others across the country. My location, the weather was clear in general, no clouds, little dusty. and the Sunset was almost in the real horizon almost 1 deg above the real horizon line.

    Therefore Shaaban will continue its 30 days and Ramadan will start on Tuesday 7th May 2019.

    My report can also be found in International Astronomical Center:
    http://www.icoproject.org/icop/ram40.html

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